Pencil and charcoal are a favorite media for many starting artists. One must first learn the basics of art such as blending, gradating, cross hatching, and smoothing out drawings with pencils as their media. Pencils are used to sketch, plan, and create the forms we use when constructing our artistic subject matter. The art of a great pencil charcoal drawing is in the composition of sharp details, strong contrasts, and smooth perfected gradations. Such art is great for realistic portraits of all subject matter.